Talisay, cuddled by the Pacific Ocean in the northeast, by the municipalities of Vinzons and Labo on the northwest, by San Vicente on the southwest and by the municipality of Daet on the southeast.. It is located approximately between 14 7’ and 14 11’ North Latitude and between 122 50’ and 122 58’ East Longitude .
History indicates that long before the coming of the Spaniards there already existed a village in the place where the municipality now stands. The settlements were characterized by a few isolated nipa huts surrounded by rice paddles and kaingins. It’s dwellers were a group of sturdy, freedom-loving people of Malayan stock.
In the later part of the 16th century, a group of Spaniards from Naga believed to be headed by Conquistador Juan de Salcedo, toured the place in search of gold. While they were resting beneath the cool shade of the trees that grew abundantly along the river banks, they saw some people around. With the aid of hand movements the soldiers asked in Spanish what the name of the place was. The natives who did not understand the language thought that the strangers were interested in the name of the trees so they readily answered “Talisay”. The soldiers recorded the word in their logbook as the name of the place. Since then, the village has been called Talisay.
Many decades later, when Daet was established as a municipality, the tiny rustic village became one of it’s barrios. In 1634, Talisay gained autonomy and had a Cabeza de Barangay as its head. It enjoyed this status until the end of the 18th century.
When the Americans came to this part of the Bicol Peninsula in 1901, Talisay was reverted to its barrio status because of its very limited population and its inability to support its own government. This time, however, it was made a part of Indan, now Vinzons. It was only in 1908 that Talisay regained its identity as a distinct municipality.
B. PHYSIOGRAPHIC PROFILE:
Talisay lies at the heart of the province of Camarines Norte. The town practically divides the province into two distinct sections – the Bicol speaking towns of Mercedes, Basud, San Lorenzo Ruiz, San Vicente and Daet and the Tagalog- speaking towns of Vinzons, Labo, Paracale, Jose Panganiban, Capalonga and Sta. Elena.
Talisay , the smallest of the twelve municipalities of the province of Camarines Norte, has a total land area of 3,076 hectares with barangay San Jose getting the biggest land area of 432.67 hectares , followed by Binanuaan, 339.40 hectares and Sta. Elena, 295.14 hectares. The smallest land area belongs to Barangay Poblacion which is only about 26.15 hectares.
Talisay is characteristically flat, purely plain with no mountains and valleys. Its average elevation is about 0-100 meters below sea level and described to be very low.
Bordering the coastal side of Talisay is the Pacific Ocean. Along its shores are the coastal Barangays of San Jose, Del Carmen and San Nicolas which are also known as the Fishermen’s’ Village. The town has a coast line of approximately 0.126 hectares. An undetermined areas are occupied by corals and reefs located along the San Jose and San Nicolas coastlines. The San Jose beach, as the coast is famously called, also boast of strong winds and big waves most of the year which is very ideal for wind surfing.
The entire municipality is free from any fault lines and earthquake zones. It has no metallic and non-metallic resources but with alluvial terraces of gravel deposits which can be found at Barangays Del Carmen and San Jose.
The slope of the municipality ranges from 0.0 percent to 0.3 percent or slope Class M described to be level to a very gently sloping surface. It has an elevation of about 10 meters above sea level.
The soil characteristics of Talisay is predominantly of the San Manuel Series and the San Manuel Clay Loam which belong to LMU 4. Estuarian Plane 04 could be found in the rice-based Barangays while 09 for the coconut-based Barangays and 01-03 for the coastal Barangays.
Just like most areas bordering the eastern coast of Luzon facing the Pacific Ocean, the climate of Talisay belongs to the Type II climate which is characterized by the none existence of dry season with very pronounced rainfall periods from the months of November to January.
There is no dry months in the area with a maximum rainfall of 20 inches. Months with least rainfall are April and May with an average of 6-7 inches. This condition could be explained by the fact that all regions facing the Pacific Ocean are not sheltered from the northeast monsoon and trade winds from the oceanic effects. The prevailing wind direction conforms with the dominant air streams during the different months at most stations. Its location exposes the place to northeast monsoon and trade winds.
TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY:
The average temperature recorded was 26.9 degrees centigrade. The month of June is the hottest month with a recorded temperature of 29.4 degrees centigrade while February is the coldest with temperature of about 23.6 degrees centigrade.
Relative humidity follows the same pattern as the climate. Average annual humidity was posted at 85.92 in 1993 which was recorded to gradually increasing in the previous years since 1987.
Tropical disturbances range from 2 to 4 yearly usually occurring during the months of May to December carrying a the lowest maximum strong winds of about 18 km. per hour and 173 km. per hour as the strongest.
C. SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILE
Talisay recorded a total household population in the 2000 Census of Population and Housing of about 21,494, 10,940 of these are males and 10,554 are females. Males outnumbered females with a sex ratio of 103 males to 100 females, however, in ages 45 and over, females dominated their male counterpart.
In terms of population growth rate, Talisay is the fastest growing municipality with an average annual growth rate of 4.08 % . It registered an increase of 3.06 percentage points from the 1.02 percent growth rate during the 1990 to 1995 period, upstaging other large municipalities of the province and the capital town of Daet.
In 2000, the age group 5 to 9 had the largest population with 12.04 of the total municipal population, followed by age group 10 to 14 years with 11.61 percent. The age structure of the municipality also followed the usual pyramid shape with a broad base just like that of the provincial age structure.
A little less than fifty percent of the total population 10 yrs. old and over were married ( 47.73%), followed by singles (42.95%) and widowed (4.68%). Singles below 20 age group has the largest share at 66.23% , closely following are those in the 20 to 24 age groups at 18.35%. Surprisingly, male singles totaling to about 3,776 are larger than the 3,156 female singles by 83.58%.
Generally, Bicol with slight Tagalog influence is the prevalent dialect. Sixty nine percent ( 69%) of the private households speak in Bicol while Tagalog by 31%.
Roman Catholic remains the predominant religion claiming 95% of the population while the rest are shared by the Iglesia ni Kristo, Jehovah’s Witnesses and Protestants adherents together with minor denominations. Religions with
existing house of worship includes Roman Catholic, Iglesia ni Kristo, Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saints (Mormons), United Church of Christ, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Seventh Day Adventist and Born Again Christians.
Talisay, with an average slope of 0.3% is essentially an agricultural municipality. Covering an area of about 1,414.35 or 92.98% of the total land area are lands devoted to agriculture with coconut lands covering 1,414.35 hectares , followed by irrigated rice lands, 1,384.20 hectares and rainfed rice lands, 62.44 hectares. Irrigated rice lands are being served by the National Irrigation Administration. The adequate irrigation service coupled with the assistance provided by the municipal government and the Department of Agriculture doubles the yield of the farmers to as much as 88.25 cavans per hectare. At present, viable irrigators association, farmers cooperatives and the Municipal Agricultural Council serve the farmers fairly well.
Miscellaneous areas placed second largest with a total of about 100.27 hectares or 3.26% divided into beach sands, 59.67 hectares and built-up areas, 40.60 hectares. Completing the categories of land uses are fishpond areas, 65.21 hectares or 2.12%, mangroves at about 20.30 hectares or 0.66% and grasslands covering 0.98% or 30.15 hectares.
Existing land use and vegetation showed that 47% or about 1,445.72 of the total area are devoted to rice production, 46.0% or 1,414,26 are planted to coconuts and other perennial trees and vines.
Fishing is a second industry in the coastal Barangays. It is mainly of the foreshore type but is limited to certain times of the year because of the weather condition. Fishponds totaled 37 and covered 33.8025 hectares with milkfish, tilapia and crustaceans as the top peso-earners located at Barangays San Jose and San Nicolas.
Accessibility to the different Barangays are provided by both land and water transport. Jeepneys are the main land transport vehicle while tricycles take the helm as support vehicle to the riding public of far-flung areas. Pedicabs , on
the other hand, are available in Barangay Poblacion to transport passengers inside the barangay and in nearby places.
Coastal barangays use motorized bancas in traversing the mouth of the Talisay River and in their fishing activities. A number of horse drawn calesas plying San Jose route could still be found carrying nipa shingles and other agricultural products.
The total road network of Talisay is about 68.132 kms. divided into: a) National Highway – 9.101 kms.; Provincial Roads- 9.52 kms.; Municipal Roads – 3.731 kms.; and Barangay roads – 45.78 kms. The roads are also classified as to the type of pavements, namely: Concrete – 7.531 kms.; Asphalt – 28.901 kms.; Gravel – 14.16 kms.; and, Earth – 17.54 kms.
There are three national bridges strategically located along the Maharlika Highway in Barangays Binanuaan, Poblacion and Sto. Niño which are all in good condition. There are three existing municipal bridges, one of which is located in Barangay Binanuaan and the other is in San Nicolas-Binanuaan boundaries. Both are recipients of the Presidential Bridge program of the National Government. There is also a wooden hanging bridge which needs immediate repair. The rest are culvert box type bridges sporadically located in all of the 15 barangays.
ACCOMODATION FACILITIES :
Catering to the accommodation needs of the local constituents and visitors are three (3) Hotels offering different services, namely: Hotel Mega Star, Royal Orchids Mansion and San Jose Beach Resort and Hotel. These establishments offer various amenities for a day or a week stay in affordable rates .There are also available lodging houses for transient travelers and motorists who only want an overnight stay equipped with basic amenities affordable even for those with tight budgets.
Hotel Mega Star has two (2) Training Halls and a restaurant for those who need bigger venues for conferences and seminars. There are also a number of reception halls catering to other important occasions like wedding , baptismal and birthday parties. Eateries could also be found at the public market premises and nearby places.
A distinctive feature of the Talisayons is their deep concern for education. A family no matter how poor sends their children to school. This is vouched by the comparatively higher literacy rate than the national average of 88%.
Complete public elementary education in the municipality is made available through nine (9) elementary schools. Of the 3,598 children aged 6-11 years old, only 9.8 % or about 352 are not attending elementary school while 90.3% or 3,246 children are attending school. Likewise, the need for secondary education is catered to by the St. Francis Parochial School, three public schools in the locality . About 403 or 19.5% of the total 2,067 children aged 12-15 years old are not attending secondary school while 1,664 or 80.50 of the children are in school. Tertiary education is being provided by the Camarines Norte School of Law which offered varied courses. A number of educational institutions in Daet, which is only four kilometers away provided chances for students in choosing what college courses they prefer.
Record also shows that of the 10 years old and over population, of 14,655, about 14,417 or 98.37% can read and write. Only about 238 or 1.6% cannot read or write and understand simple instructions.
Attending to the medical needs of the populace is one (1) Medical Health Physician staffed with a Dentist, a Nurse, four (4) midwives, one sanitary inspector and one dental aide with 58 Barangay Health Workers. There is one main Health Center located in Barangay Poblacion and four Barangay Health Stations in four catchment areas of the municipality. The Health center offers both preventive and diagnostic services which are all included in their major program of activities and as mandated by the National Government. Programs on immunization, Tuberculosis control and prevention, control of diarrheal diseases, and cardio-vascular disease control. There are also information campaign on sexually transmitted diseases, leprosy, nutrition program and other health services information.
There are also private medical practitioners catering to infants and pregnant women , two (2) private Dental clinics and one Optical Shop.
POWER AND WATER SUPPLY:
Electricity is available in all Barangays with the Camarines Norte Water District as the sole power provider. Level III Water System is provided by the Camarines Norte Water District in some parts of the municipality particularly those along the National Highway and other main thoroughfares. Other far-flung barangays make use of Level I water system or the shallow wells and artesian wells.
Public communication facility is provided by one (1) Police Law Enforcement Coordinating System which used exclusively by the PNP. There are Telephone connections being served by the DIGITEL Communication System and the Bayantel. There are Globe and Smart cellsites and telephone calling centers strategically located in some business establishments in the Poblacion. There is also one Internet Café for internet enthusiasts.
Postal service manned by one Postmaster and one Letter Carrier is available.
The San Jose Beach is the main tourist attraction in the municipality. Strategically located along the Pacific Ocean in the side of the municipality, San Jose Beach, being a gift of the sea, has many history attached to its name. First known as Napundan since time immemorial, the beach provide the picknikers and nature worshippers a big slice by the sun as they cavort in the blue waters or lie on the sand. San Jose Beach is also famous for its big waves all year round which is ideal to wind surfing and snorkeling.